Aerophagia

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Aerophagia (var. aerophagy) is a condition of excessive air swallowing, which goes to the stomach. Aerophagia may also refer to an unusual condition where the primary symptom is excessive flatus, belching is not present, and the actual mechanism by which air enters the gut is obscure.[1] Aerophagia in psychiatry is sometimes attributed to nervousness or anxiety.[2]

Symptoms[edit]

Causes[edit]

Aerophagia is associated with chewing gum, smoking, drinking carbonated drinks, eating too quickly, CPAP air pressure (if it is too high) and wearing loose dentures. Aerophagia is also carried out deliberately to increase the length and volume of a belch, as any air successfully swallowed serves to increase the partial pressure in the stomach.[6][7] In people with cervical spinal blockages, inhaling can cause air to enter the esophagus and stomach.[8]

Diagnosis[edit]

Aerophagia is diagnosed in 8.8% of cognitively delayed patients[9] where the coordination between swallowing and respiration is not well defined.[10]

Aerophagia is a dangerous side effect of noninvasive ventilation (NIV), commonly used in treatments of respiratory problems and cardiovascular critical care or in surgery when a general anaesthetic is required. In the case of aerophagia during NIV, it is normally diagnosed by experienced medical specialists who check on patients intermittently during NIV use. The diagnosis is based on the sound heard by listening through a stethoscope placed outside the abdominal cavity. Using this approach, the problem is sometimes detected later than when it develops, possibly also later than necessary. Belated detection of aerophagia may lead to gastric distension, which in turn could elevate the diaphragm or cause aspiration of the stomach contents into the lungs[11] or pneumatic rupture of the esophagus due to extreme gastric insufflation.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Levitt MD, Furne J, Aeolus MR, Suarez FL (1998). "Evaluation of an extremely flatulent patient: case report and proposed diagnostic and therapeutic approach". Am J Gastroenterol. 93 (11): 2276–81. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.1998.00635.x. PMID 9820415.
  2. ^ "Aerophagia - Define Aerophagia at Dictionary.com". dictionary.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  3. ^ Chitkara DK. "Aerophagia in adults: a comparison with functional dyspepsia". Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. 22 (9): 855–858. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2036.2005.02651.x.
  4. ^ Callahan, Christy. "Chest Pressure and Swallowing Air While Eating". livestrong.com. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  6. ^ "Belching: Is it Normal?". International Foundation for Gastrointestinal Disorders. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  7. ^ Luo, Elaine K. "What are the best ways to make yourself burp?". Medical News Today. Medical News Today. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  8. ^ Krasiuk MM, Kratinov VP (July 1993). "The characteristics of aerophagy and its treatment". Likars'ka sprava. 7 (7): 114–6. PMID 8209520.
  9. ^ Loening-Baucke V (2000). "Aerophagia as cause of gaseous abdominal distention in a toddler". J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 31 (2): 204–7. doi:10.1097/00005176-200008000-00026. PMID 10941981.
  10. ^ Perlman AL, Ettema SL, Barkmeier J (2000). "Respiratory and acoustic signals associated with bolus passage during swallowing". Dysphagia. 15 (2): 89–94. doi:10.1007/s004550010006. PMID 10758191.
  11. ^ RUBEN H, KNUDSEN EJ, CARUGATI G (1961). "Gastric inflation in relation to airway pressure". Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 5 (3): 107–14. doi:10.1111/j.1399-6576.1961.tb00089.x. PMID 14494855.
  12. ^ Meyerovitch J, Ben Ami T, Rozenman J, Barzilay Z (1988). "Pneumatic rupture of the esophagus caused by carbonated drinks". Pediatr Radiol. 18 (6): 468–70. doi:10.1007/BF00974081. PMID 3186323.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]