List of political parties in Puerto Rico
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This article lists political parties in Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico has a hybrid 'first past the post' electoral system, in which a voter can vote by party, by candidate or both. To qualify as an official political party (and thus be able to appear on the printed state electoral ballot), a party must meet the criteria set forth by the Puerto Rico Electoral Law.
These criteria categorize political parties as follows:
- Principal Party - one that obtained at least 3% of the straight-ticket party votes cast in the prior general election, or 7% of the party-label votes for the governor & resident commissioner, or 5% of the gubernatorial candidate votes.
- Principal Party of the Majority - one that obtained the majority of governor candidate votes cast in the prior general election.
- Party by Petition - one that has submitted the minimum number of signatures required for new registration (currently 3 percent of the total of all votes cast for governor in the prior general election)
Political parties meeting the stated criteria are certified and inscribed by the State Elections Commission.
As of 2016, Puerto Rico has 3 registered electoral parties:
|Name (in English)||Name (in Spanish)||Initials||Current leader||Ideology|
|New Progressive Party||Partido Nuevo Progresista||PNP||Ricardo Rosselló||Pro-statehood|
|Popular Democratic Party||Partido Popular Democrático||PPD||Alejandro García Padilla||Pro-commonwealth, pro-autonomous entity: different from a federated state or a territory. (Estado Libre Asociado), as established in 1950 law|
|Puerto Rican Independence Party||Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño||PIP||Rubén Berríos||Pro-independence, social democracy|
|Name (in English)||Name (in Spanish)||Abbreviation||Existed|
|Federal Party||Partido Federal||-||1900s|
|Republican Statehood Party||Partido Estadista Republicano||PER||1900s-1930s|
|Union Party||Partido Unión||-||1900s-1930s|
|Socialist Party||Partido Socialista de Puerto Rico||PSPR||1900s-1950s|
|Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico||Partido Nacionalista de Puerto Rico||PNPR||1920s-Present|
|Republican Union||Unión Republicana||-||1930s-1960s|
|Puerto Rican Communist Party||Partido Comunista Puertorriqueño||PCP||1930s-1990s|
|Liberal Party of Puerto Rico||Partido Liberal de Puerto Rico||-||1932-1944|
|Transparent, Authentic and Complete Liberal Party||Partido Liberal Neto, Auténtico y Completo||-||1937-1948|
|Christian Action Party||Partido Acción Cristiana||PAC||1960s|
|People's Party||Partido del Pueblo||PP||1960s-1970s|
|Puerto Rican Union Party||Partido Unión Puertorriqueña||PUP||1969-1972|
|Puerto Rican Socialist Party||Partido Socialista Puertorriqueño||PSP||1970s-1990s|
|Puerto Rican Renewal Party||Partido Renovación Puertorriqueña||PRP||1983-1987|
|Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party||Partido Puertorriqueños Por Puerto Rico||PPR||2007-2012|
|Movimiento Unión Soberanista||Movimiento Unión Soberanista||MUS||2012|
|Working People's Party||Partido del Pueblo Trabajador||PPT||2012-2016|
A number of unregistered political parties and organizations exist in Puerto Rico outside of the electoral arena. These organizations span the entire political spectrum:
- Movimiento Socialista de Trabajadores (Socialist Workers Movement) - Socialist Revolutionary organization, with strong bases in the trade union and student movement. Bandera Roja - Periodical, in Spanish
- Hostosian National Independence Movement (MINH) - (Umbrella organization in favor of pro independence and nationalist movements) - Movimiento Independentista Nacional Hostosiano
- Pro ELA - In favor of a freely associated republic status.
- United Statehooders - Estadistas Unidos.
- Socialist Front - An umbrella of socialist organizations.
- Puerto Rican Nationalist Party
Affiliates of federal-level United States parties
Unlike the political parties listed above, which are eligible for registration with the Comision Estatal de Elecciones upon fulfilling CEE requirements, the following parties exist as affiliates of American parties and participate in the U.S. primaries of the corresponding American parties at the federal level. Also, unlike the Puerto Rican political parties above, all of which are based in Puerto Rico, these parties are headquartered in mainland United States.
- Republican Party of Puerto Rico - The Republican Party of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Partido Republicano) is an affiliate of the national Republican Party in Puerto Rico.
- Democratic Party of Puerto Rico - The Democratic Party of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Partido Demócrata) is an affiliate of the national Democratic Party in Puerto Rico.
- Libertarian Party of Puerto Rico - Partido Libertario de Puerto Rico - Pro-Libertarianism / Formerly affiliated to the US Libertarian Party
- Politics of Puerto Rico
- List of political parties by country
- List of political parties in the United States
- Puerto Rican Independence Movement
- Political party strength in Puerto Rico
- New Progressive Party (PNP)
- Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico (PRPR)
- Commonwealth Elections Commission of Puerto Rico (see: General Information)
- Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico (PPD)
- Socialist Workers Movement (MST)
- Republican Party of Puerto Rico