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Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and is largely divided into two major fields: theoretical linguistics and applied linguistics. Someone who engages in this study is called a linguist.
Theoretical (or general) linguistics encompasses seven major sub-fields: phonetics (the study of the isolated sounds of speech), phonology (the study of speech sound systems and their mental representations), morphology (the study of the grammatical rules for word formation), syntax (the study of word order), lexis (the study of words), semantics (the study of meaning) and pragmatics (the study of meaning in context) which, together, allow for a description of the way a language works to convey meaning from one speaker to another. Applied linguistics encompasses diverse fields such as language education, second language acquisition, effect of society on language, or language's relationship to psychology, and so on.
Transcription of the English pronunciation of "IPA"
The International Phonetic Alphabet
(unofficially—though commonly—abbreviated IPA
)is an alphabetic
system of phonetic notation
based primarily on the Latin alphabet
. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association
as a standardized representation of the sounds of oral language
. The IPA is used by lexicographers
, foreign language
students and teachers, linguists
, speech-language pathologists
, constructed language
creators, and translators
The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are part of oral language: phones, phonemes, intonation, and the separation of words and syllables. To represent additional qualities of speech, such as tooth gnashing, lisping, and sounds made with a cleft palate, an extended set of symbols called the Extensions to the IPA may be used.
Did you know...
From Wikipedia's "Did You Know" archives:
The number 605 in Khmer Numerals
Things you can do
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